Chapter 5 - Cartilage and Bone
Cartilage and bone are specialized connective tissues for support. Cartilage occurs where flexibility is required, while bone resists deformation.
Three types of cartilage can be distinguished based on the relative amount of fibers and ground substance: hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage and fibrocartilage.
Hyaline cartilage contains an abundant ground substance with fibers of type II collagen.
Bone is hard and rigid. It is mineralized and forms the supportive framework for the body. Morphologically, bone is organized into two types: compact bone and spongy (cancellous or trabecular) bone.